Disclaimer: I attend a Tazkeer Bil Quran (Reminders from Quran) course at Al-Mawrid Institute Canada, and my instructor is Mr. Malik Faisal Aslam. I take notes in order to be able to remember important points from the lecture/discussions and decided to share the same in synoptic form here, as and when I am able to. My only objectives are (a) to organize my thoughts and (b) to share and help anyone interested in learning about these, as I am. If you find a mistake, it is entirely from me, and I sincerely apologize. I am not a theology expert, so please read and form your own opinions. Thank You.
Class Session of July 21, 2019
“The Quran (the holy book of Islam) and the Sunnah make up the two primary sources of Islamic theology and law. The sunnah is also defined as “a path, a way, a manner of life”; “all the traditions and practices” of the Islamic prophet that “have become models to be followed” by Muslims.” – Wikipedia.org
There are approximately 10 sources on 5 schools of thought on Sunnah;
1) Imam Shafi’i
It appears that after this pioneering statement by Imam Shafi’i, especially in the Arab world, there was complete acceptance of this and there were no differing views.
According to “the greatest Muslim scholar of eighteenth-century India”, Shah WaliUllah, “Every hadith cannot be Sunnah”. Many actions taken by the Prophet PBUH are not Deen, and therefore cannot be Sunnah. His supporting argument was the following;
3) Muhammad Ismael
In his book titled “Jamat e Islami ke hadees par afkaar” (Ideas of Jamat e Islami on hadith), Muhammad Ismael stated that “The dismissal of any Sunnah is Kuf’r (heresy)”. In one statement, he declared the following individuals as “not kafirs” but their preaching lead to dismissal of hadith by their followers;
- Maulana Shibli Naumani
- Maulana Maududi
- Sir Syed Ahmed Khan
- Maulana Hameed ud Din Farahi
- Ameen Ahsan Islahi
In his book ‘Rasa’il-o-Masa’il’, Maulana Maududi stated that those actions which the Prophet (PBUH) protected or continued performing, can be called Sunnah.
In his book titled Mufradat al Quran (“Vocabulary of the Quran”), Farahi explained the 70 controversial words in the Quran. He stated that if the words “Kitaab o Hikmah” (Book and Wisdom) appear together in the Quran, Kitaab means law in such a case. This caused a thought disruption at the time.
According to Amin Islahi, Hikmah is Sunnah, and Sunnah is Hadith.
Maulan Azad supported Maulan Islahi’s declaration.
According to Allama Iqbal, Hadith is of 2 types;
- Hadith with legal status. This is Sunnah.
- Hadith without legal status. This is no Sunnah.
Iqbal agreed with Shah WaliUllah that some ehkamaat (orders) are meant for the Prophet (PBUH), while some are meant for the local populace/culture.
Iqbal also clarified that, as Imam Abu Hanifa had emphasized the importance of Istihsan (considering people’s contemporary issues) should be the basis of determining Sunnah.
According to Allama Parwez (as he was referred to) Sunnah should not be associated with Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) but means obeying the central authority of the state.
10) Ulema e Sufia
Taba e Sunnat
!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!This essay is a work in process, and will be completed soon.!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
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