“Life in this world is a bridge from God to God”. This paraphrased thought is attributed to Prophet Esa/Christ (PBUH). I found it quite interesting as it helped address a primary question for me. What is the purpose of man’s life?
“Surely we belong to Allah and to Him shall we return.”
“The phrase is commonly recited by Muslims when a person experiences a tragedy in life, especially upon hearing news that a person has died. The phrase may also be recited in situations that involve risk of any sort.” – Wikipedia
In my humble opinion, this verse holds the key to understanding the purpose of man’s existence. The video below preludes to it also.
“If everything happens according to the will of God who is very kind and merciful, why do we see so much suffering and pain in this world?”
“God planned to create a temporary world to test mankind before giving them an eternal reward of life or bliss in heaven. For the test, it was mandatory to give mankind freedom and authority. He also gave them freedom to use this power and authority. All these instances of cruelty and suffering occur as a result of this freedom of exercising authority. This world is a place of test and not a place of reward and punishment. Therefore, people are tested through such suffering for a specific length of time. As soon as this life ends, God will justly decide the fates of all mankind. He will put the oppressors and sinners to destruction and open doors of heaven for the pious.“
A Humble Request: What you have read above is just a meek effort from a lowly student. Please do not consider this the final word on this topic. I encourage you to do your own research, if you want to learn more, and form your own opinion. There are many knowledgeable scholars of Islam, who will be able to guide you much better.